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Poliglicoleum®: A Powerful Solubilizer for the Cosmetic Industry

17-July-2018

 
 
Solubilizers are widely used in cosmetic and personal care products to improve solubility of hydrophobic substances into water solutions. They play a very important role in keeping the product clear and preventing any separation of oil content from water.
 
VEVY EUROPE, a research company specializing in fine ingredients for the cosmetics industry, is known for its outstanding reputation for developing high performance active and functional ingredients for color cosmetics and personal care products.  Poliglicoleum® by 
VEVY EUROPE, is a powerful upgrade to traditional solubilizers like polysorbates and ethoxylated castor oils that you must try in your formulations. During comparative tests, Poliglicoleum® proved to be the most effective solubilizer on the market. As a saturated liquid, it does not become rancid and is easy to handle.
 
Poliglicoleum® gives a much lighter, drier after-feel, making it easier to glide across the skin, while polysorbates tend to be tacky and sticky.  Poliglicoleum® is compatible with most common essential oils, fragrances and other oils, plus it confers better clarity to formulations, while other solubilizers sometimes act as an opacifier. 
 
Poliglicoleum® will work on a lower ratio (as little as 1/3 the use level of other solubilizers) and lead to a lower viscosity. It creates very little to no foam, which offers a big advantage during the production process.
 
Poliglicoleum® is the perfect solution for your toner, makeup remover, toiletries and many other formulations where a robust solubilizer is needed to tackle even the most difficult oil contents.
 
Independent Chemical who is the exclusive distributor in the USA for VEVY EUROPE, has supported many industries, including Cosmetics and Personal Care, for over 70 years. We store and distribute, across the USA, a full range of cosmetic and personal care ingredients to allow manufacturers to maximize value, performance, and safety. As an ISO 9001:2015 certified company, we have built the region's best reputation for on-time delivery, and high-quality products and services.
 
To learn more about and request a sample of Poliglicoleum®, as well as many other high-end and commodity products that can handle your cosmetic and personal care formulation needs, reach out here for more information.
 
Thank you for your interest in Independent Chemical, and we look forward to providing you with exceptional customer service!


LANOLIDE EXTRA®: The Safe and Easy Synthetic Lanolin Substitute for Cosmetic and Pharmaceutical Use

16-July-2018

Lanolin is an animal-derived raw material of worldwide interest for the formulation of cosmetic and dermo-pharmaceutical finished products. However, purity, variable composition, and residual odor and pesticides are among the many issues faced by cosmetic and personal care formulators who use Lanolin.

 

 

 

VEVY EUROPE, an Industrial and Research Company specializing in fine chemicals for the cosmetics industry, is known for its longstanding experience in basic and applied research on wool fats and their derivatives. They have focused their attention on the development and bulk manufacture of a product called LANOLIDE EXTRA®, an identical and certainly safer alternative than the best Lanolin.

 

Among its many features, LANOLIDE EXTRA® is a compact ivory-colored pasty mass, nearly odorless, constant composition, safe toxicological profile, more thready than Lanolin, not sensitive to oxidative processes, greater water absorption ratio, greater emulsifying capacity, and better stability. 

 

Therefore, LANOLIDE EXTRA® is perfectly interchangeable with Lanolin and can be used in the same applications in the same quantities. These applications include w/o absorption base, o/w co-emulsifier, extra fattening agent, and plasticizer for fats and waxes. 

 

Independent Chemical who is the exclusive distributor in the USA for VEVY EUROPE, has supported many industries, including

Cosmetics and Personal Care, for over 70 years. We store and distribute, across the USA, a full range of cosmetic and personal care ingredients to allow manufacturers to maximize value, performance, and safety. As an ISO 9001:2015 certified company, we have built the region's best reputation for on-time delivery, and high-quality products and services.

 

To learn more about and request a sample of LANOLIDE EXTRA®, as well as many other high-end and commodity products that can handle your cosmetic and personal care formulation needs, reach out directly at info@independentchemical.com 

 

Thank you for your interest in Independent Chemical, and we look forward to providing you with exceptional customer service!


Learn How to Protect the Skin from Pollution in Your Cosmetics & Personal Care Formulations

11-April-2018

 

 
Learn How to Protect the Skin from Pollution in Your Cosmetics & Personal Care Formulations
 
 
Pollution has damaging effects on the Earth as well as on the skin. Many people, who live in environments that exceed pollution limits, are more prone to develop acne, eczema, and other dermatological issues such as wrinkling, skin inflammation, and premature aging.
 
Fillagrin is a vital element of the epidermis that is functional in moisture retention and maintaining the skin barrier. However, fillagrin levels can diminish from the impact of pollution. Poor filaggrin levels can lead to serious skin conditions including itchyosis vulgaris and atopic dermatitis.
 
While it is always important to protect the surface of the skin from external stimuli, it is even more vital to treat the skin from the inside out to diminish the impact that pollution can have on the skin.
 
Independent Chemical offers a naturally derived anti-pollution ingredient, known as Filagrinol produced by Vevy Europe, an Industrial and Research Company, specializing in fine chemicals for the cosmetics industry.  
 
Filagrinol is a naturally derived precursor that will promote increased filaggrin levels, restore skin barrier functions, provide protection against UV induced lipoperoxidation, and reduce levels of free radicals.
 
Independent Chemical, recognized as one of the top 100 chemical distributors in North America, is the exclusive distributor for Vevy Europe, within the United States. We have access to documentation and samples upon request, and we will work closely with you to guarantee a great end product. We can also offer formulation guidance along the way to help you achieve your goals.
 
Contact us to learn more about Filagrinol and other high-end products to help you combat the effects of pollution on the skin in your formulations.
 
 
For More Information
Sales Contact:
Cosmetic Specialty Sales
Direct: 718-894-0700
 
 


Most popular/abundant chemicals & chemical compounds in each U.S. state

28-February-2018

 


Image courtesy of Pexels.


There’s not question that chemicals are important part of life. They are in building materials, cosmetics, jewelry, household cleaning products, and more. The U.S.A. currently has over 320 million people across 50 states, and each state has their own chemicals and minerals to talk about. That’s where this handy list comes in.


Alabama = Graphite (C) - Alabama Graphite is one of the biggest producers of the material in the country. Graphite itself is frequently used as pencil lead.


Alaska = Platinum (Pt) - A large amount of platinum metal production in the United States occurs on the Bering Sea coast of Alaska. In addition, Platinum, Alaska is named for its high amounts of platinum ore that was discovered in the 1930s.
 

Arizona = Copper (Cu) - Arizona copper mines produce 65% of the United States's copper product.
 

Arkansas = Bauxite (‎Al(OH)3) - Bauxite is the source of aluminum ore and is used in aluminum refining. Bauxite, Arkansas is named for its abundance of this compound back when it was first uncovered in the 1890s.
 

California = Gold (Au) - California is home the the Gold Rush of 1849. The San Francisco Forty Niners are named after this event.


Colorado = Rhodochrosite (MnCO₃) - The state mineral of Colorado since 2002. It is a rose-pink color and can be used as a ore of manganese to produce low-cost stainless steel.


Connecticut = Iron (Fe) - One of the earliest iron ore producers in the U.S.A. was Connecticut in the early 1700s. Salisbury, Connecticut was known for its Ore Hill Mine.


Delaware = Granite (70-77% silica, 11-13% alumina, 3-5% potassium oxide, 3-5% soda, 1% lime, 2-3% total iron, and less than 1% magnesia and titania) - Granite is frequently used as a countertop and building material.


Florida = Phosphate (PO43-) - Some phosphate rocks can be used to create nutritional supplements. Florida has a wide range of terrains for wildlife to live in, and is home to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.


Georgia = Zircon (ZrSiO₄) - Southern Ionics Minerals LLC opened its Mineral Sands Plant (MSP) in Offerman, Georgia, with zircon and titanium minerals being the main minerals produced.


Hawaii = Black coral (iodine and bromine) - Coral grows underwater and can grow for thousands of years. Black coral is named for the color of its skeleton and the oldest variant is over 4,500 years old.


Idaho = Silver (Ag) - Sunshine Mine in between the cities of Kellogg and Wallace mined about 32.20 million ounces of silver at 23.3 oz Ag/ton between 1998 and 2004.


Illinois = Coal (C137H97O9NS) - Father Louis Hennepin, an early explorer of America, first discovered coal in modern-day Illinois in the year 1668.


Indiana = Gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) - Indian is a top-10 producer of gypsum. Gypsum itself has been used as a building material since ancient Egypt.


Iowa = Limestone (CaCO3) - Limestone can be used in agricultural settings to reduce the acidity of soil and produce healthier crops. In addition, 92% of Iowa is farmland.


Kansas = Sulfur (S) - In recent years, Kansas crops such as no-till wheat have been suffering from a sulfur deficiency. As a result, sulfur fertilizers have become more of a necessity.


Kentucky = Barite (BaSO4) - Barite is important in the manufacturing of paper and rubber, and is also used in radiology for x-rays of the digestive system.


Louisiana = Agate (SiO₂) - Agate is the state gemstone of Louisiana and has a hardness level of 7 on the Mohs hardness scale.


Maine = Microcline (K(AlSi3O8)) - Maine’s bedrock is a natural source of micronline, a mineral that is used in the manufacturing of glass and ceramics.


Maryland = Mercury(II) chloride/mercuric chloride (HgCl2) - The oldest railroad in the United States, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, would use mercuric chloride to preserve the wooden railway ties to make a smoother ride for the locomotives.


Massachusetts = Babingtonite (Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)Fe3+Si5O14(OH)) - The state mineral of Massachusetts has a specific gravity level of 3.3.


Michigan = Bromine (Br) - Herbert Henry Dow in 1890 created the Midland Chemical Company to produce bromine electrolytically from local water sources.


Minnesota = Kaolinite (Al₂Si₂O₅(OH)₄.) - Minnesota is a top 10 producer of kaolinite, a mineral used in the production of ceramics and porcelain and is used as a filler for paint, rubber and plastics.


Mississippi =  Sodium bentonite (‎Al2H2Na2O13Si4) - Mississippi is one of the leading producers of bentonite in the U.S. This material is natural sealant and is used for sealing stock and recreational ponds, filling city landfills, and plugging potholes.


Missouri = Lead (Pb) - The Southeast Missouri Lead District, also known as the Lead Belt, produces about 70% of Americas lead supply.


Montana = Palladium (Pd) - Palladium can be used for jewellery, in dental fillings and in the three-way catalytic converters in car exhaust systems.


Nebraska = Triuranium octoxide (U3O8) - The sole Nebraskan uranium mine, the Crow Butte mine, produced about 0.4 million pounds of U3O8  in 2015.


Nevada = Lithium (Li) - In addition to being a lead producer of gold and silver, Nevada is also a leader in lithium, a chemical that can be used in batteries and as a medical treatment for bipolar disorder.


New Hampshire = Beryl (Be3Al2Si6O18) - The state mineral of New Hampshire is often used in alloys to make other metals stronger.


New Jersey = Glauconite/greensand marl [(K,Na)Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2] - This material is often used as a fertilizer for soil.


New Mexico = Pumicite (variable formula) - A rough rock that is often used to scrub away dead skin cells on the body.


New York = Wollastonite (CaSiO3) - This material is used in ceramics and building materials due to its high brightness and whiteness and low moisture and oil absorption.


North Carolina = Olivine ((Mg²⁺, Fe²⁺)₂SiO₄) - Olivine is a magnesium silicate used as a refractory and as a molding sand in the foundry industry.


North Dakota = Flint (variable) - During the Stone Age, flint would be used to make sharp arrows, spearheads, and blades.


Ohio = Aluminum (Al) - Aluminum can be used in cans, foils, kitchen utensils, and even airplane parts.


Oklahoma = Iodine (I) In the past decade, Oklahoma has seen a surge in iodine production. In the open market, iodine prices went from $14 a kilogram in 2004 to $92 a kilogram in 2014.


Oregon = Niobium (Nb) - Niobium is used in pipeline construction and also combined with iron and other elements in stainless steel alloys.


Pennsylvania = Peat (varies from alkaline to acidic) - Wetlands, moors, and bogs (places where peat is found) are also effective carbon sinks.


Rhode Island = Gravel (variable) - Gravel is often formed through natural weathering and  corrosion of rocks. One use for gravel includes railroad ballast, or a trackbed which railroad ties can later be placed.


South Carolina = Mercury (Hg) - In the past couple of decades, the mercury in fish caught in South Carolina has decreased


South Dakota = Sodium (Na) - Saline soil with too much salts can affect a plot of land’s toxicity and pH levels. Sodium specifically can destabilize the soil’s structure.


Tennessee = Zinc (Zn) - The electrolytic zinc plant in Clarksville, Tennessee operates at 122,000 tons of zinc per year.


Texas = Beryllium (Be) - West Texas has several areas where Beryllium minerals can be found.


Utah = Molybdenum (Mo) - Molybdenum not exist naturally in the metallic state, but can it combine readily with oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur compounds


Vermont = Calcium carbonate (CaC) - Calcium carbonate can be used as a dietary supplement and as an antacid to relieve heartburn and acid indigestion.


Virginia = Feldspar (AT4O8 in which A = potassium, sodium, or calcium (Ca); and T = silicon (Si) and aluminum (Al), with a Si:Al ratio ranging from 3:1 to 1:1) - Feldspar makes up about 41% of the Earth's continental crust by weight.


Washington = Titanium (Ti) - Titanium can be used as an alloying agent with many metals including aluminium, molybdenum and iron.


West Virginia = Silicon (Si) - Silicon is used as a semiconductor in solid-state devices in the computer and microelectronics industries.


Wisconsin = Construction sand (variable) - According to the U.S. Geological Survey, Wisconsin industrial sand is seen as ideal for use in hydraulic fracturing because the state has several formations containing sand that has a high silica content, high crush resistance, and ideal sphericity.


Wyoming = Helium (He) - Riley Ridge is one the of the leading helium production fields in the U.S.


Most Common Chemicals in Women’s Makeup

23-February-2018

 



The makeup industry in 2017 was reported to cost more than $440 billion. In addition, the average person owns approximately 40 different makeup products. From lipsticks to foundations, there’s a lot of liquids and colors that can go on a face. But what chemicals are in each each tube or pallet? By taking a look at some different price points, one can get a better understanding at the most common chemical ingredients for each type of makeup product.


Lipsticks:



Lipsticks are used to define the lips. Colors can be a natural shade, a bold hue, or any other color on the rainbow. Some of the most common lipstick brands include:


-Lancôme Paris L'Absolu Rouge

-Nars Lipstick

-Revlon ColorStay Ultimate Suede Lipstick

-Wet n’ Wild Silk Finish Lipstick

-Rimmel Lasting Finish Matte Lipstick by Kate


For these lipsticks, here are the most common chemicals and what they do:


-Titanium Dioxide (TiO2): Used to deflect UV rays, protect the skin, and has both odorless and absorbent properties.
 

-Mica (Si2O52−): Used to thicken formulas, make the product stick to the face better, and help make the product easier to spread.
 

-Pentaerythrityl adipate/caprate/caprylate/heptanoate (C36H72O13): Used as a skin conditioning agent.
 

-Calcium Aluminum Borosilicate (has SiO2, 52%; Na2O, 0.3%; CaO, 22.5%; MgO, 1.2%; Al2O3, 14.5%; Fe2O3, 0.2%; K2O, 0.2%, and B2O3, 8.6% ): Used as a bulking/thickening agent.
 

-Tocopheryl acetate (C31H52O3) : Contains acetic acid and tocopherol (vitamin E); used as a nourishing agent.


Eyeshadows:




Eyeshadows are used to add color to the eyelids and eye area. Colors can be pastel, bold, or neutral, and palettes can be matte or shiny. Some of the most common eyeshadows include:


-L.A. Colors SWEET! 16 Color Eyeshadow

-e.l.f. Rose Gold Eyeshadow Palette

-Kat Von D Shade + Light Eye Contour Palette

-Bobbi Brown Eyeshadow

-Laura Mercier Matte Eye Color


Common chemicals in these eyeshadows are:


-Dimethicone ((C2H6OSi)n): Used to soften the skin and prevent itching/flaking.

-Ethylhexyl palmitate (C24H48O2): Used to adjust the consistency of makeup.

-Zinc Stearate (C36H70O4Zn): Used as a lubricant and a water repel.

-Potassium ferric hexacyanoferrate (C18Fe7N18): Used to include a blue pigment/coloration.

-Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride (C33H62O6): Used to moisturize and increase intensity of pigments.


Blushes/Rouges:



Blushes/rouges are used to add color to the cheeks. The word “rouge” in French means “red”, but modern blushes can come in a variety of warm-tone colors. Five of the most common blushes are:


-Clinique Soft-Pressed Powder Blusher

-Dior Vibrant Color Powder Blush

-NYX Powder Blush

-Lancôme Cushion Blush Subtil

-Tarte Amazonian Clay 12-Hour Blush


Chemicals found in such products include:


Potassium sorbate (C6H7KO2): Used as a preservative and prevents growth of microorganisms.

Iron Oxide (FeO; Fe2O3): Used to include colors such as red, orange, or yellow.

Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl): Used in mineral makeups to provide an iridescent (shiny) effect.

Calcium silicate (Ca2O4Si): Used to make cosmetic colors more opaque.

Talc (Mg3Si4O10(OH)2): Used as an absorbent, anti-caking agent and improves feel of the product.


Mascaras:



Mascaras are used to lengthen and define the eye lashes. Most but not all mascaras come in a dark brown or black shade. Some common mascaras include:


-Wet n Wild MegaVolume Mascara

-Maybelline Volum' Express® The Colossal Big Shot

-Urban Decay Perversion

-CoverGirl LashExact Mascara

-L'oreal Paris Voluminous Original Mascara


Chemicals that can be found in the above mascaras include:


-Acrylate copolymer (CH2=CHCOO−): Used to add dark color to cosmetics.

-Hydroxyethyl cellulose (variable, but usually [C6H7O2(OH)x (OC2H5)y [O(CH2CH2O)mH]z]n.): Used as a gelling and thickening agent.

-Triethanolamine (C6H15NO3): Used to create thicker liquid base for makeup.

-Phenoxyethanol (C8H10O2): Used as a preservative and a stabilizer.

-Panthenol (C9H19NO4): Form of form of vitamin B5; used as a moisturizer and lubricating compound.


Foundations:



Foundations are used to cover blemishes on the skin and even out a skin tone. As a result, foundations can come in a variety of shades from paler hues to dark hues. Some common foundations being sold right now include:


-Smashbox Studio Skin 15 Hour Hydrating Foundation

-MAC Studio Fix Fluid SPF

-Clinique Beyond Perfecting™ Foundation + Concealer

-NYX Total Control Drop Foundation

-NARS All Day Luminous Weightless Foundation


Chemicals that can be found in the above foundations include:


-Disteardimonium hectorite (Na0.3(Mg,Li)3Si4O10(OH)2): Used as a thickening agent.

-Propylene carbonate (C4H6O3): Used to enhance texture.

-Tocopheryl acetate (C31H52O3): Used to condition the skin.

-Triethoxycaprylylsilane (C14 H32 O3 Si): Used as an binding agent and an emulsifier.

-Butylene glycol (‎C12H18O4): Used as a solvent and to thin creams out to make them easier to spread.


Independent Chemical is a proud chemical supplier in New York. Learn more about the diverse range of cosmetic chemicals that are offered here.


 


Ginger All: The Root’s Uses and Benefits

1-February-2018

 

When one needs a remedy for their ailments, they needn’t look too far beyond what nature already produces. Many fruits and vegetables have benefits, but when it comes roots, perhaps one of the most well-known is the ginger root.


The root’s origin goes back several thousand of years. In fact, the spice was quite common with in the Roman Empire, up until the society fell. It was considered a luxury product, and many people would import it from countries within Southeast Asia. The root was expensive, however; in the 1300s ginger was about the same price as a single animal in a livestock herd.


The name “ginger” itself comes from the Sanskrit word singabera, which in English translates to mean “shaped like a horn.” The root itself has a rough exterior and can come in large sizes. This is fitting as the root needs extensive time and care to grow to maturity. The root grows best outdoors in partially shady to full shade areas in loose, nutrient-rich soil. It takes about 10 months for ginger to fully grow, though bigger roots can be obtained if timed well. Some gingers can survive the winter, but many cannot. It is for this reason why many ginger growers recommend waiting until spring for the frost and ice to fully melt before starting a ginger plot. This gives the root the best chance of growth.


The root’s rugged exterior only vouches for its many health benefits that have been touted for years. Some consumed ginger directly to warm the body when feeling chills. Others used ginger to counteract toxins in certain herbs. Nautical people would eat ginger to prevent scurvy. In a modern society, some drink ginger in drinks such as soda or tea to settle an upset stomach.

Ginger also works in mixes with other ingredients. For example, drinking equal parts honey and gingers juice a few times a day can help mitigate a cold. Ginger can also be used to make sweets, including the holiday confectionary known as gingerbread.


Aside from being edible, ginger has many natural chemicals inside. Some include:

 

-Gingerol (C17H26O4)
-Paradol (C17H26O3)
-Shogaol (C17H24O3)
-Zingerone (C11H14O3)
-Zingiberene (C15H24)


Scientists have conducted many experiments over the years with ginger’s chemicals, from testing the effects of gingerol injections to studying paradol’s antioxidant powers to analyzing zingerol’s strength in breaking down free radicals in the body. While further studies need to be performed, the signs point that ginger on the whole is beneficial for the body.


The next time you drink some ginger ale or eat some gingerbread, take the time to appreciate the root’s history and its bright future in the medical field.


Independent Chemical is a proud chemical supplier in New York. Learn more about the diverse range of high-quality food products that are offered here.


Scents-sational Season: DIY Products for Cleaning Your Home

28-November-2017

The holiday season is in full force for people across the country. Families and friends often travel to other homes for the festivities. This can be a call for homeowners to make sure their houses are clean top to bottom. As the holidays are often the time of presenting diverse recipes, here are some all-natural cleaners that can make things spotless while also using ingredients that one may already have in the home.


Image courtesy of Pexels

 

A. DIY Natural Citrus Spray Cleaner


A fresh and fruity spray cleaner for multiple surfaces. This spray uses food peels that may have otherwise been wasted.


This spray will need:

  • Lemons

  • Grapefruits

  • Oranges

  • Rosemary sprigs

  • Lavender sprigs

  • Cinnamon sticks

  • Resealable glass jars

  • Distilled white vinegar

  • Spray bottle


After juicing the lemons, grapefruits, and/or oranges, save the rinds and place them into a resealable glass jar. Sprigs of rosemary can be coupled with the lemon peels, lavender sprigs with grapefruit peels, and cinnamon with orange peels. Once filled with the pairings, the jars can then be topped with white vinegar. The jars can be labeled with the date and ingredients and stored away for a month to let the mixture set. Once a month goes by, the liquid can be drained out into a spray bottle and used as a normal spray cleaner.


B. DIY Disinfectant Wipes


An economical substitute for store-bought wipes. Rubbing alcohol is typically used for disinfecting wounds but can also effectively remove germs and bacteria from frequently used surfaces.


These wipes will need:

  • High-quality paper towel roll

  • A resealable food container

  • 1 ½ cups of water

  • ¼ cup of rubbing alcohol

  • Few squirts of dish soap


Place the paper towel roll into the container, cutting it down to size if needed. Mix the water, rubbing alcohol and squirts of dish soap in a measuring cup. Slowly pour the liquid to the paper towel inside the container. Pour intermittently until the paper is completely saturated. Once a few minutes have passed, remove the cardboard center and pull individual sheets out to clean as needed. After wiping, the surfaces can be air-dried or wiped with a dry rag.


C. Whiter Sheets


A simple trick to freshen up white bed sheets for guestrooms. Baking soda is a bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and white vinegar is an acetic acid (HCH3COO). Bases and acids react when combined together, and it is this reaction that can remove stains and eliminate odors from fabrics.


This reaction will need:

  • ½ cup of distilled white vinegar

  • ¼ cup of baking soda

  • Laundry detergent


For both high efficiency and regular washers, sprinkle the measured baking soda inside. Load the white sheets and add detergent as needed. If using a high efficiency washer, add the white vinegar inside the softener well. If using a regular washing machine, pour the vinegar during the rinse cycle. Let the machine run to completion. After washing, the sheets can be hung to dry or can be placed in a dryer.

 

Independent Chemical is a proud chemical supplier in New York. Learn more about the diverse range of high-quality cosmetic and food products that are offered here.


Winter Season Preparations

24-November-2017

Image courtesy of Pexels


For many cities across the country, the weather is slowly inching closer to the freezing temperatures. With this colder weather comes snow, slush, frozen rain, and icy conditions. Proper de-icing and anti-icing measures are important to know in order to treat sidewalks, clear cars, and ensure minimal damage.


As the two names imply, “de-icing” is about removing ice and frost after it has already formed, while “anti-icing” uses techniques, often chemical, to prevent ice from forming in the first place.


Commonly used for de-icing, salt is easy to obtain when clearing driveways and walkways. However, salt has a flaw in that it becomes much less effective once temperatures reach below 15 degrees Fahrenheit. Salt performs better with liquid water rather than solid water. This is why many people come to prefer sand. The coarse nature of sand melts snow and ice while also providing good traction for drivers on streets and pedestrians on sidewalks. Additionally, the added friction of driving or walking on a sanded path can prevent new ice from forming.


For cars, vans, and other vehicles, salt and sand can’t do much to prevent the radiators and engines from literally freezing apart. This is where antifreeze comes in. Antifreeze is a liquid chemical concoction used to prevent damage to the vehicle’s internal components. Antifreezes can have chemical ingredients such as CH2OHCH2OH (ethylene glycol) or C3H8O2 (propylene glycol) that effectively lower the freezing point of water. This in turn can prevent ice from forming and allow car to operate in freezing temperatures.


Other chemicals that can be used inside an antifreeze include:

 

  • Azelaic Acid

  • Benzoate

  • Borate (borax)

  • Nitrate

  • Nitrite

  • Pemelic Acid

  • Phosphate

  • Sabacic Acid

  • Silicate

  • Suberic Acid


However, as all of these chemicals suggest, there are dangers to using antifreeze. On an average year, over 90,000 pets and kids ingest the toxic liquid. Bottles left unattended can be tampered with, and antifreeze can sometimes leak out of a car and leave a puddle on the ground. Pets specifically can lick this antifreeze in large amounts before having any foul aftertaste. This is because ethylene glycol makes the colorless and odorless liquid taste very sweet, similar to soda and juice. The negative consequence of the flavor is that it becomes enticing to drink more antifreeze, especially when considering antifreeze doesn’t have instant symptoms.


For small children and animals, consuming even a tablespoon of the product can be disastrous. There are three stages to antifreeze poisoning, with effects being similar for children and animals:


Stage 1 poisoning can happen anywhere between 30 minutes to 12 hours after ingestion. The symptoms include vomiting, seizures, and excessive thirst.


Stage 2 poisoning is next; within 12 to 24 hours after ingestion there is increased damage to the internal organs.


Stage 3 for cats occurs between 12 hours and 24 hours after ingestion, for dogs occurs between 36 to 72 hours after ingestion, and for children occurs between 24 and 72 hours after ingestion. For all who reach this stage, though, the poisoning damages the brain, liver, kidneys, and cardiovascular system. If left untreated, the symptoms can progress and eventually lead to death.


Prevention is easier than treatment, and all consumers should strive to be safe rather than sorry. Consumers should firstly store their products in a safe place that neither children nor animals can access. Never place the liquid in a location where it can be mistaken for something safe to drink. Antifreeze can still be bought, but if possible it is better to purchase products with propylene glycol as it is less harmful than ethylene glycol. Car radiators should be maintained frequently to avoid leaks. Lastly, antifreeze can still be bought, but if possible it is better to purchase products with propylene glycol as it is less harmful than ethylene glycol.


If antifreeze is swallowed, it is much better to contact Poison Control or a local medical emergency facility than it is to wait it out. The symptoms may not show up immediately, but the damage can be permanent if nothing is done. The upcoming winter season should be a time of joy and wellbeing, so everyone should take extra measures to keep things out of harm's reach.


Independent Chemical Corporation is a proud chemical supplier in New York. Learn more about the diverse range of our products and ingredients that are offered here.


Let’s Talk About Cranberries

10-November-2017

 


Image courtesy of Pexel


The month of November is home to one of the biggest holidays of the year: Thanksgiving. This holiday alone sells over 45 million turkeys in the U.S. each year. In many households, a common side dish or topping to go along with the popular poultry would be cranberries and cranberry sauce. This fruit has a strong historical presence and equally strong health benefits that consumers should know about.


The cranberry is one of the only fruits that naturally grew in North America several thousands of years ago. Cranberries started growing in bogs once glaciers began melting which resultantly created crevices for horticulture to flourish. The fruit’s harvest time is in the autumn months, another reason why cranberries are so well associated with Thanksgiving. Over time cranberries spread and found uses in medicinal practices. For instance, Native Americans would used brewed cranberries to treat wounds from poisoned arrow tips. Sea navigators and whalers, meanwhile, would eat and drink cranberries to prevent scurvy, a gum disease that over time decayed the teeth.


Outside of culinary creations such as cranberry sauce, cranberry juice and dried cranberries, the fruit can also be used to make do-it-yourself beauty products.


Cranberry Body Scrub: A cranberry body scrub can be made by mixing 1 cup of whole cranberries, 2 cups of granulated sugar and ½ cup of coconut oil with a few drops of fragrance being optional.


Cranberry Yogurt Mask: Cranberries can also be made into a facial mask by combining ½ cup of pureed cranberries to ½ cup of plain Greek yogurt and then using the mask for 10-15 minutes.


Cranberry Rouge/Cheek Stain: Even a fruity rouge and cheek stain can be made with some patience. Cranberries can be cut into thin slices the place into a low heat oven overnight. The dehydrated berries can then be frozen for several hours and later ground into a powder. 1 teaspoon of this homemade cranberry powder can then be mixed with 1 teaspoon of shea butter and 2 tablespoons of coconut oil to create a rosy colored hue.


Furthermore, modern day science has consistently show cranberries to be a high source of C31H28O12 (proanthocyanidins). This chemical specifically slows down the grow and spread of bad bacteria such as E. coli. The cranberry also contains phytochemicals that affect the taste, color, pH content, and so on. Some of the phytochemicals include:

 

  • Anthocyanins

  • Catechins

  • Hippuric acid

  • Quinic acid

  • Triterpenoids


Cranberries are also a strong source of daily nutrition and contain adequate amounts of:

 

  • Manganese

  • Vitamin E

  • Vitamin K

  • Copper

  • Dietary Fiber


This Thanksgiving, if cranberries are on the menu, feel free to appreciate their many cosmetic uses and health benefits.


Independent Chemical is a proud chemical supplier in New York. Learn more about the diverse range of cosmetic and food ingredients that are offered here.


2017 Chem-E Car Competition in Minneapolis Reaction

3-November-2017

 

 

 

Each year, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers hosts a national competition for students majoring in chemical engineering and similar such sciences. This event, aptly called the Chem-E-Car Competition, engages students to design a small-scale car powered by chemistry to carry a specified amount of water while traveling a predetermined distance. Only chemical reactions are allowed within this competition, and schools across the nation (and even internationally) came up with unique chemical combinations that made their car unique.


New York never ceases to innovate, and the New York college that participated in this years Chem-E Car Competition is proof of that. The City College of New York’s own Grove School of Engineering designed a car they called Sulfurious. This creation used a color-changing chemical reaction between HCL and Na2S2O3 (sodium thiosulfate). The battery source, which was designed for this years competition as well, was composed Zn-MnO2 (zinc manganese Dioxide). Cooper Union, meanwhile, used a reaction of MgCO3 (magnesium carbonate) and C6H8O7 (citric acid) mixed with water. Their car, Lemon Aid, allowed the the school to win 5th place in performance.


Outside of the Northeast region, schools all over the U.S. submitted their own cars. University of Tennessee at Chattanooga created a car called Chem-eleon. This car used a C6H12O6 (glucose) and KMnO4 (potassium permanganate) reaction. The reaction causes a color change which the car’s stopping mechanism is able to detect and cause a stopping reaction in response.The Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology with their car called The Great Gasby used a reaction between KMnO4 (potassium permanganate) and C2H2O4 (oxalic acid) to create gas pressure to move the vehicle forward. Meanwhile, Texas Tech University named their car Tower of Power to reflect on the fact that it was powered by an exothermic reaction of water and aluminum with catalytic promoters and stopped with another reaction between CaO (calcium oxide) and water.


Even international schools had a part in this years competition. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology with their car called Indigo utilized their own color-changing chemical reaction with a stopping reaction. Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) entered this year with a car powered by a V (vanadium) redox flow battery with an Iodine clock stop reaction. This year the winning car called Spektronics 14 came from the Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember in Indonesia. Their car was powered by an Al (aluminum) air battery, where a reaction with aluminum and air would cause a color change that the car’s chemical sensor could detect and thereby stop in time.


Many schools participated in this years competition, and it would take a long while to discuss how each and every car had their own chemical innovations. The main point of this annual event, as stressed by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, is to motivate students to research new ideas, problem solve, experiment, and discover new ways chemistry can be used as energy.

 

Independent Chemical Company is a chemical company in New York dedicated to providing the highest level of service and convenience to its customers.


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