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Most popular/abundant chemicals & chemical compounds in each U.S. state

28-February-2018

 


Image courtesy of Pexels.


There’s not question that chemicals are important part of life. They are in building materials, cosmetics, jewelry, household cleaning products, and more. The U.S.A. currently has over 320 million people across 50 states, and each state has their own chemicals and minerals to talk about. That’s where this handy list comes in.


Alabama = Graphite (C) - Alabama Graphite is one of the biggest producers of the material in the country. Graphite itself is frequently used as pencil lead.


Alaska = Platinum (Pt) - A large amount of platinum metal production in the United States occurs on the Bering Sea coast of Alaska. In addition, Platinum, Alaska is named for its high amounts of platinum ore that was discovered in the 1930s.
 

Arizona = Copper (Cu) - Arizona copper mines produce 65% of the United States's copper product.
 

Arkansas = Bauxite (‎Al(OH)3) - Bauxite is the source of aluminum ore and is used in aluminum refining. Bauxite, Arkansas is named for its abundance of this compound back when it was first uncovered in the 1890s.
 

California = Gold (Au) - California is home the the Gold Rush of 1849. The San Francisco Forty Niners are named after this event.


Colorado = Rhodochrosite (MnCO₃) - The state mineral of Colorado since 2002. It is a rose-pink color and can be used as a ore of manganese to produce low-cost stainless steel.


Connecticut = Iron (Fe) - One of the earliest iron ore producers in the U.S.A. was Connecticut in the early 1700s. Salisbury, Connecticut was known for its Ore Hill Mine.


Delaware = Granite (70-77% silica, 11-13% alumina, 3-5% potassium oxide, 3-5% soda, 1% lime, 2-3% total iron, and less than 1% magnesia and titania) - Granite is frequently used as a countertop and building material.


Florida = Phosphate (PO43-) - Some phosphate rocks can be used to create nutritional supplements. Florida has a wide range of terrains for wildlife to live in, and is home to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.


Georgia = Zircon (ZrSiO₄) - Southern Ionics Minerals LLC opened its Mineral Sands Plant (MSP) in Offerman, Georgia, with zircon and titanium minerals being the main minerals produced.


Hawaii = Black coral (iodine and bromine) - Coral grows underwater and can grow for thousands of years. Black coral is named for the color of its skeleton and the oldest variant is over 4,500 years old.


Idaho = Silver (Ag) - Sunshine Mine in between the cities of Kellogg and Wallace mined about 32.20 million ounces of silver at 23.3 oz Ag/ton between 1998 and 2004.


Illinois = Coal (C137H97O9NS) - Father Louis Hennepin, an early explorer of America, first discovered coal in modern-day Illinois in the year 1668.


Indiana = Gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O) - Indian is a top-10 producer of gypsum. Gypsum itself has been used as a building material since ancient Egypt.


Iowa = Limestone (CaCO3) - Limestone can be used in agricultural settings to reduce the acidity of soil and produce healthier crops. In addition, 92% of Iowa is farmland.


Kansas = Sulfur (S) - In recent years, Kansas crops such as no-till wheat have been suffering from a sulfur deficiency. As a result, sulfur fertilizers have become more of a necessity.


Kentucky = Barite (BaSO4) - Barite is important in the manufacturing of paper and rubber, and is also used in radiology for x-rays of the digestive system.


Louisiana = Agate (SiO₂) - Agate is the state gemstone of Louisiana and has a hardness level of 7 on the Mohs hardness scale.


Maine = Microcline (K(AlSi3O8)) - Maine’s bedrock is a natural source of micronline, a mineral that is used in the manufacturing of glass and ceramics.


Maryland = Mercury(II) chloride/mercuric chloride (HgCl2) - The oldest railroad in the United States, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, would use mercuric chloride to preserve the wooden railway ties to make a smoother ride for the locomotives.


Massachusetts = Babingtonite (Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)Fe3+Si5O14(OH)) - The state mineral of Massachusetts has a specific gravity level of 3.3.


Michigan = Bromine (Br) - Herbert Henry Dow in 1890 created the Midland Chemical Company to produce bromine electrolytically from local water sources.


Minnesota = Kaolinite (Al₂Si₂O₅(OH)₄.) - Minnesota is a top 10 producer of kaolinite, a mineral used in the production of ceramics and porcelain and is used as a filler for paint, rubber and plastics.


Mississippi =  Sodium bentonite (‎Al2H2Na2O13Si4) - Mississippi is one of the leading producers of bentonite in the U.S. This material is natural sealant and is used for sealing stock and recreational ponds, filling city landfills, and plugging potholes.


Missouri = Lead (Pb) - The Southeast Missouri Lead District, also known as the Lead Belt, produces about 70% of Americas lead supply.


Montana = Palladium (Pd) - Palladium can be used for jewellery, in dental fillings and in the three-way catalytic converters in car exhaust systems.


Nebraska = Triuranium octoxide (U3O8) - The sole Nebraskan uranium mine, the Crow Butte mine, produced about 0.4 million pounds of U3O8  in 2015.


Nevada = Lithium (Li) - In addition to being a lead producer of gold and silver, Nevada is also a leader in lithium, a chemical that can be used in batteries and as a medical treatment for bipolar disorder.


New Hampshire = Beryl (Be3Al2Si6O18) - The state mineral of New Hampshire is often used in alloys to make other metals stronger.


New Jersey = Glauconite/greensand marl [(K,Na)Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2] - This material is often used as a fertilizer for soil.


New Mexico = Pumicite (variable formula) - A rough rock that is often used to scrub away dead skin cells on the body.


New York = Wollastonite (CaSiO3) - This material is used in ceramics and building materials due to its high brightness and whiteness and low moisture and oil absorption.


North Carolina = Olivine ((Mg²⁺, Fe²⁺)₂SiO₄) - Olivine is a magnesium silicate used as a refractory and as a molding sand in the foundry industry.


North Dakota = Flint (variable) - During the Stone Age, flint would be used to make sharp arrows, spearheads, and blades.


Ohio = Aluminum (Al) - Aluminum can be used in cans, foils, kitchen utensils, and even airplane parts.


Oklahoma = Iodine (I) In the past decade, Oklahoma has seen a surge in iodine production. In the open market, iodine prices went from $14 a kilogram in 2004 to $92 a kilogram in 2014.


Oregon = Niobium (Nb) - Niobium is used in pipeline construction and also combined with iron and other elements in stainless steel alloys.


Pennsylvania = Peat (varies from alkaline to acidic) - Wetlands, moors, and bogs (places where peat is found) are also effective carbon sinks.


Rhode Island = Gravel (variable) - Gravel is often formed through natural weathering and  corrosion of rocks. One use for gravel includes railroad ballast, or a trackbed which railroad ties can later be placed.


South Carolina = Mercury (Hg) - In the past couple of decades, the mercury in fish caught in South Carolina has decreased


South Dakota = Sodium (Na) - Saline soil with too much salts can affect a plot of land’s toxicity and pH levels. Sodium specifically can destabilize the soil’s structure.


Tennessee = Zinc (Zn) - The electrolytic zinc plant in Clarksville, Tennessee operates at 122,000 tons of zinc per year.


Texas = Beryllium (Be) - West Texas has several areas where Beryllium minerals can be found.


Utah = Molybdenum (Mo) - Molybdenum not exist naturally in the metallic state, but can it combine readily with oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur compounds


Vermont = Calcium carbonate (CaC) - Calcium carbonate can be used as a dietary supplement and as an antacid to relieve heartburn and acid indigestion.


Virginia = Feldspar (AT4O8 in which A = potassium, sodium, or calcium (Ca); and T = silicon (Si) and aluminum (Al), with a Si:Al ratio ranging from 3:1 to 1:1) - Feldspar makes up about 41% of the Earth's continental crust by weight.


Washington = Titanium (Ti) - Titanium can be used as an alloying agent with many metals including aluminium, molybdenum and iron.


West Virginia = Silicon (Si) - Silicon is used as a semiconductor in solid-state devices in the computer and microelectronics industries.


Wisconsin = Construction sand (variable) - According to the U.S. Geological Survey, Wisconsin industrial sand is seen as ideal for use in hydraulic fracturing because the state has several formations containing sand that has a high silica content, high crush resistance, and ideal sphericity.


Wyoming = Helium (He) - Riley Ridge is one the of the leading helium production fields in the U.S.

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